Diaper Rash – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Diaper Rash - Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

What is Diaper Rash?


Diaper rash is the most common skin problem seen in babies and young children, but it can occur at any age if diapers or incontinence briefs are worn. The highest incidence of diaper rash is seen in babies between the ages of 7 and 12 months. It frequently occurs in babies who sleep for many hours without waking.


Other name : Napkin dermatitis And Nappy rash

Different Types Of Diaper Rash


Irritant rash : This is most conspicuous on the exposed areas, such as the round part of the buttocks. It tends to spare skin folds and creases. It’s generally the result of contact with stool enzymes or irritants such as harsh soaps, baby wipes, detergents, or topical medicines.


Friction rash : This is the most common form of diaper rash, and affects almost all babies at some time. It is most common on areas where friction is most pronounced, such as the inner thighs, or under the elastic of diapers that are too tight. It comes and goes quickly, and responds well to frequent diaper changes, airing out, and protective barriers.


Allergic rash : This may occur in combination with an irritant rash or by itself. It is also more common on exposed areas. The skin looks like poison oak .


Causes of Diaper Rash


Possible contributors to diaper rash include the following:


  • irritation – from urine and feces trapped in the diaper.
  • candida diaper dermatitis – dermatitis caused by a yeast infection in the diaper area, often preceded by diaper dermatitis.
  • seborrheic diaper dermatitis – a common, chronic skin condition that can affect the diaper area as well as other locations on the body.
  • impetigo – dermatitis caused by a bacterial infection.
  • perianal streptococcal disease – dermatitis caused by a streptococcus.
  • allergic rash – a type of dermatitis that is rare in the first 2 years of life, but may be caused by soaps and detergents, or the diaper.


Symptoms of Diaper Rash


  • Red, itchy, scaly rash patches in the diaper area and legs
  • Redness around the anus
  • Bright red and tender rash and/or spots in the folds between the thighs and abdomen
  • Deep red rash with yellowish scales


Treatment of Diaper Rash


  • Diapers should be changed more often than normal.
  • The skin should be cleaned, but avoid any rough scrubbing, which could lead to further skin irritation. After cleaning, the skin should be exposed to air, leaving the diaper off for several hours if possible.
  • Certain foods may seem to worsen the rash. If this is the case, avoid these foods until the rash has cleared.
  • If the rash is caused by a contact or allergic dermatitis, stop using any new soaps or detergents that may be causing the rash.
  • Skin should be washed with a very mild soap and air dried or lightly patted dry.


Prevent Tips For Treat Diaper Rash


  1. Change diapers frequently
  2. Change poppy diapers right away.
  3. Rinse cloth diapers
  4. Try different brands
  5. Avoid using plastic pants.
  6. Allow your baby’s skin to dry completely before putting on another diaper.
  7. Check your baby’s diaper often and change it as soon as it’s wet or soiled.


Complications of a Diaper Rash


If your baby’s rash gets infected, the rash may become bright red and the skin may become swollen. Small red patches or spots may spread beyond the main part of the rash, even outside the diaper area.


Home remedies to treat Diaper Rash


  • Place the baby is buttocks near a tap and wash down with running water after every bowel movement to give diaper rash relief.

Another common remedy is to Dab the area dry rash area with a soft cloth and apply Vaseline ointment or any rash free creams or gel.

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